Middle Dutch

Fact corner


Middle Dutch is a collective name for a number of closely related West Germanic dialects (whose ancestor was Old Dutch) which were spoken and written between 1150 and 1500. There was at that time as yet no overarching standard language, but they were all mutually intelligible.

The Old Dutch verb

  • 3 moods: Indicative, Subjunctive, and Imperative
  • 2 tenses: Present and Preterite
  • 2 numbers: Singular and Plural
  • 3 persons

Sample verb: keren

  • Infinitive: keren
  • Present participle: kerende
  • Past participle: ghekeert
Present Preterite Present Preterite
Sg.1 kere keerde kere keerde -
Sg.2 keers keerdes keers keerdes keer! / kere!
Sg.3 kert keerde kere keerde -
Pl.1 keren keerden keren keerden -
Pl.2 keret keerdet keret keerdet keert! / keret!
Pl.3 keren keerden keren keerden -

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