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Phoenician is an ancient language of the coast of Lebanon and Israel. 2nd - 1st Millennium BC. Its closest living relative is Hebrew. The area where Phoenician was spoken includes modern-day Lebanon, coastal Syria, northern Israel and Malta.

The verb

Sample verb: כתב (ktb)

Qal: Perfect

1 sgl  ktbtī  כתבת 
2 m sgl  ktbt  כתבת 
2 f sgl  ktbt  כתבת 
3 m sgl  ktb  כתב 
3 f sgl  ktbō  כתב 
1 pl  ktbn  כתבן 
2 m pl 
2 f pl 
3 m pl  ktbū  כתב 
3 f pl 

Qal: Imperfect

1 sgl  ʾktb  אכתב 
2 m sgl  tktb  תכתב 
2 f sgl  tktb  תכתב 
3 m sgl  yktb  יכתב 
3 f sgl  tktb  תכתב 
1 pl 
2 m pl  tktbū  תכתב 
2 f pl  tktbna  תכתבנ 
3 m pl  yktbū  יכתב 
3 f pl 


  • Segert, Stanislav. A Grammar of Phoenician and Punic. München. 1976.

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